Florence Nightingale was born into an upper class British family in 1820 in Florence, Tuscany, Italy. She was named after the town where she was born. The family moved back to London when Florence was a young girl. She was a Unitarian. Although her parents expected her to become a wife and a mother, in 1845 she decided to become a nurse.
Florence Nightingale, byname Lady with the Lamp, (born May 12, 1820, Florence (Italy)—died August 13, 1910, London, England), British nurse, statistician, and social reformer who was the foundational philosopher of modern nursing.Nightingale was put in charge of nursing British and allied soldiers in Turkey during the Crimean War.She spent many hours in the wards, and her night rounds giving.