Criminal punishment, such as criminal sentencing, is a kind of social consequence of crime. The punishment has both legal and social function. Legal function of punishment is reflected in the fact that it serves as a measure of implementation of criminal justice. The social function of punishment is reflected in the fact that it is a mean of.
This article serves as an introduction to the concepts of sentencing and corrections, which are two inseparable subject areas. Sentencing is a legal process where criminal sanctions are authorized and imposed in individual cases following criminal convictions, while corrections deals with the implementation, management, and evaluation of criminal sentences after they are handed down.